Fencing combined with wildlife over and underpasses in Banff National Park have reduced wildlife-vehicle collisions by 80%. Image: Karsten Heuer
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“The 40+ wildlife crossings built on U.S. Highway 93 on the Flathead Reservation of western Montana is the largest highway mitigation effort in the U.S. Support from Y2Y has helped share the successes (and engaging wildlife photos) of the U.S. 93 monitoring and science program.”

 

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(Watch the Highway Wilding 23-minute documentary to learn more about the efforts Y2Y and its partners are taking to make our roads safer for people and animals.)

THREAT

Bear running across road. Image: Kent Nelson
Wildlife must navigate across busy roads to continue their journey. Image: Kent Nelson
How did the grizzly bear, or the pronghorn, or the salamander cross the road safely? That is a question that Y2Y asks.

 

Roads, and in particular highways, as well as trains, are significant barriers to wildlife movement throughout the Yellowstone to Yukon region. Even in protected areas like Banff, Yoho and Kootenay national parks wildlife collisions on roads are an issue. In 2012, 12 grizzly bears were struck in the parks by motorists on roads with no form of wildlife-crossing structures. Another four were killed by trains. 2014 saw another two grizzlies taken out by the train.These barriers not only threaten the lives of people, but if wildlife cannot cross roads and connect to other populations it limits their genetic diversity, which will lead to long-term population decline.

OPPORTUNITY

Banff Overpass. Image Josh Whetzel
Wildlife structures through Banff National Park have reduced wildlife-vehicle collisions by 80%. Image: Josh Whetzel
Many measures to keep wildlife and people moving safely have had extraordinary results. Research conducted on fencing, as well as the wildlife over- and underpasses, built on Canada’s Trans-Canada Highway through Banff National Park shows that these structures have reduced wildlife-vehicle collisions in the park by 80 per cent. Additionally, these structures have enabled more than 140,000 animal crossings, which have proven to promote gene flow.

Other measures, such as movable remotely-triggered wildlife signs, are effective at alerting drivers to slow down to the presence of wildlife. This measure is highly effective for roads that are lined with private dwellings and drive-ways, which makes adding fencing and crossing structures impractical. These are just a few examples of many mitigation options.

WHAT Y2Y IS DOING

As of 2013, some 1,000 miles (1,600 km) of highways across Alberta, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming are or are in the process of being modified to be safer for both wildlife and people thanks to the work of Y2Y and its partners. Despite this, there are thousands of miles of highway and railway line that threaten both people and wildlife. Y2Y is focused on tackling each of these barriers, one at a time.

Highway Projects Oct 3, 2016

GOALS & CURRENT PROJECTS 

WHAT YOU CAN DO

Donate: Make a donation to help make roads and highways in the Yellowstone to Yukon region safer for wildlife and people. See how we use your donation dollars.

Add Your Voice: Sign up to receive our Action Alerts and add your voice to important conservation causes.

PARTNERS INCLUDE:

Alberta Environment and Parks, Alberta Transportation, American Wildlands, Annatum Ecological Consulting, BC Hydro Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program, BC Conservation Foundation, Bridger Teton National Forest, Caribou Targhee National Forest, Miistakis , Center for Large Landscape Conservation, Great Northern Environmental Stewardship Area, Greater Yellowstone Coalition, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Idaho Master Naturalists, Jackson Hole Conservation Alliance,  Jackson Hole Wildlife Foundation, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Peoples’ Way Partnership, Road Watch in the Pass, The Nature Conservation, The Teton Conservation District,  University of Northern BC, Valhalla Wilderness Society, Volker Stevin, Western Transportation Institute and The Wildlife Conservation Society. 

Related Information:

Fencing and Wildlife Crossing Structures

Banff Wildlife Crossing Structures


Central Canadian Rocky Mountains


Cabinet-Purcell Mountain Corridor


Crown of the Continent

 

GET THE LATEST: Transportation News

Help make B.C. Highways Safe for Wildlife and People

— Posted on Dec 05, 2014 01:30 PM in: Take Action
Help make B.C. Highways Safe for Wildlife and People

Thousands of animals are killed on B.C.'s highways every year. In many cases, people are killed or hurt, and their vehicles are damaged.

Read More ›

Biologists Propose Wildlife Crossings for Highway 3

— Posted on Oct 22, 2014 01:30 PM in: General News
Biologists Propose Wildlife Crossings for Highway 3

Highway 3 is vital to transportation through the Crowsnest Pass but it’s a deathtrap for wildlife. In a presentation to council, conservation biologist Dale Paton said there are over 150 collisions between wildlife and vehicles on Highway 3 every year.

Read More ›

Parks Canada Gets Funding to Reduce Wildlife Collisions on Highway 93 S

— Posted on Aug 27, 2014 02:00 PM in: General News
Parks Canada Gets Funding to Reduce Wildlife Collisions on Highway 93 S

The federal government has set aside $9.6 million to fence another stretch of Highway 93 S, a busy mountain road with frequent wildlife collisions.

Read More ›

High-Tech Warnings to Help Prevent Wildlife Collisions

— Posted on Jun 27, 2014 03:00 PM in: General News
High-Tech Warnings to Help Prevent Wildlife Collisions

The Government of B.C. will be testing new high-tech wildlife detection systems on Highway 3 between Cranbrook and the Alberta border to better warn motorists about the potential for wildlife collisions.

Read More ›

Protecting Wolverines in Castle Special Place

— Posted on Jun 05, 2014 07:30 PM in: Media Releases
Protecting Wolverines in Castle Special Place

New research finds that the Castle Special Place offers U.S. wolverines a key linkage to larger populations to the north.

Read More ›