Y2Y supports numerous programs and research projects that seek to help wildlife and people live together in harmony. Image: Kent Nelson
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“In the last decade, we’ve been able to reduce confirmed conflict with grizzly bears by more than 90%.” 
Seth Wilson, Co-Founder of People & Carnivores




Y2Y supports education programs and tools that assist people to share space with wildlife.


(Watch video to see one example of how Y2Y is working with its partners to successfully help people live with wildlife.)


Although humans and wildlife can and have had positive interactions, many do not. The high density of roads, railways and human communities increase these interactions, which sadly often translate into negative consequences for wildlife, especially bears.

Sheep in traffic. Image: Northern Focus Creative
Wildlife-vehicle collisions is one of the great threats to wildlife - even in our National Parks. Image: Northern Focus Creative
In two separate studies of bear mortality, one in Banff National Park and the other in the state of Montana, human-related causes were responsible for 86 to 91 per cent of all bear deaths. These causes included illegal or accidental shooting, death by motor vehicles, and habituation to people through attractants such as backyard fruit trees, improperly stored garbage and bird feeders.

Facilitating positive interactions between humans and wildlife is important throughout the Yellowstone to Yukon region, but it is especially true in the central and southern thirds of the region—from Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming to the Peace River Break in British Columbia (B.C.)—where the population density is greater.


Under the right conditions, wildlife and humans can live in close proximity without conflict, and in most cases without even seeing each other. Various tools and programs have made a measurable impact on a community’s ability to live with wildlife.

  • Fencing with wildlife-crossing structures and signage have reduced wildlife collisions in Banff National Park by 80 per cent
  • Landowner education programs, which teach communities, farmers and ranchers about reducing wildlife attractants, and which help property owners install tools like electric fencing and bear-proof grain storage bins, have significantly reduced interactions and grizzly mortality
  • Community education programs provide hikers and hunters with training in carrying and using bear spray, and they teach hunters to distinguish between black and grizzly bears in the field.

As the population increases throughout the Yellowstone to Yukon region, and as species such as grizzly bears and wolves expand their ranges, these tools will be increasingly important for the safety of both wildlife and people.


Through our various contracts and grants, Y2Y supports projects that help raise awareness about harmonious co-existence and programs that facilitate it. Here is a sampling a past projects Y2Y has supported:

  • Electric Fence Installation. Image: Defenders of Wildlife
    Russ Talmo of Defenders of Wildlife putting up electric fencing to protect livestock and reduce conflicts with wildlife.
    Wild Neighborhoods reduces wildlife-human conflicts by working with residents to reduce wildlife attractants from their home. (Wyoming)
  • Wildlife-Friendly Fencing helps modify existing fences that act as a barrier to wildlife movement in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. (Wyoming)
  • People and Carnivores helps communities and ranchers install tools such as dead-stock bins, bear-proof garbage bins and bear-poles to reduce human-wildlife conflict. (Montana)
  • Keystone Conservation works with communities to support livestock management to reduce conflicts with carnivores and nurture the health of habitat. (Montana)
  • Waterton Biosphere Reserve Association supports co-existence of large carnivores, ranchers and farmers. (Alberta)


(In another example, Y2Y is working with partners such as Jackson Hole Wildlife Foundation on their Wildlife Friendlier Fencing Program.)


Themes.Co-existence MapY2Y is supporting the following projects to help enhance co-existence.

Yahk to Yaak: Y2Y supports Defenders of Wildlife’s Living with Wildlife program, which aims to reduce human-bear conflicts and grizzly bear mortality rates in the Yahk to Yaak region of the Cabinet-Purcell Mountain Corridor.

Southern Alberta Grizzly Research: In 2014 Y2Y’s Sarah Baker Memorial Fund supported the research of Andrea Morehouse to monitor southern Alberta’s grizzly bear population, and to understand both the rates of conflict as well as how those bears respond to proactive conflict mitigation measures.

Partner Grants: Efforts to reduce human-wildlife conflict in the central and southern thirds of the Yellowstone to Yukon region are supported through our partner grants.


Donate: Make a donation to help support communities live with wildlife and ensure nature has what it needs to sustain life. See how we use your donation dollars.

Add Your Voice: Sign up to receive our Action Alerts and add your voice to important conservation causes.

Related Information:

Yahk to Yaak
Partner Grants
Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem
High Divide
Cabinet-Purcell Mountain Corridor
Crown of the Continent

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