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"I BELIEVE in a place where animals can thrive."
Rose Letwin, Wilburforce Foundation
Y2Y Funder since 1999


Y2Y Policies

Y2Y's Hunting, Trapping, and Fishing Policy
Revised: Spring 2017

The Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative (Y2Y) is committed to the ecological integrity of, and long term health of habitats and wildlife populations within, the Yellowstone to Yukon region.

Within this context, Y2Y recognizes that hunting, trapping, and fishing:

  • are Indigenous rights;
  • are part of the cultural heritage and economy of the Yellowstone to Yukon region;
  • are appropriate activities within the Yellowstone to Yukon region, provided that they are conducted in an ethical manner that includes fair chase principles; and
  • may be appropriate means to help maintain or manage fish and wildlife population health.

In addition, Y2Y acknowledges the legitimacy of wildlife sanctuaries set aside from hunting, fishing, or trapping where wildlife populations can recover from the impacts of the developed landscape, to protect wildlife genetics from the impacts of selection from human-caused mortality, and which act as source populations for hunting, trapping, and fishing opportunities outside their boundaries.

Y2Y Energy Policy
Adopted: September 30, 2017

The Yellowstone to Yukon (Y2Y) region is one of the most intact mountain ecosystems in the world, and as such, is highly valued for its natural values and the benefits that these values provide to people. We believe energy production in the region should not compromise these natural values.

Parts of the Y2Y region have already been heavily impacted by energy production including fossil fuel extraction, wind farms and large hydro-electric dams. Associated impacts from pipelines, powerlines and related energy infrastructure have resulted in additional habitat loss, fragmentation and alteration.

Recognizing climate change as a major threat to the Y2Y region and earth itself, alternatives to fossil fuels must be developed and promoted. At the same time, renewable energy must be balanced with nature conservation efforts using a consistent approach that includes robust cumulative effects assessments and effective analysis of social and economic costs.

The Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative strongly supports measures to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and we believe energy development in the Y2Y region should generally emphasize renewable energy sources as we work towards a carbon neutral future. This will help abate and mitigate the increasingly negative impacts of climate change on the region’s biodiversity and human lives. Renewable energy includes those sources that are not depleted when used, such as wind, sunlight, rain, and geothermal heat as well as some run-of-river hydroelectric development

Renewables support a clean 21st century economy while helping meet the needs of nature and humans. For example, solar is one of the fastest growing green energy sectors in the world. Renewables could not only help mitigate climate change and achieve nature conservation goals but also diversify economies and create sustainable, geographically distributed energy and employment.
Guidance for energy development in the Yellowstone to Yukon region can be summarized as addressing scale, siting, science and social costs:

  • Yellowstone to Yukon is not the region to place large-scale industrial energy developments, either renewable or non-renewable;
  • Energy sites, particularly larger developments, should avoid areas of high natural value and prioritize already disturbed areas;
  • Energy should be developed using the best available ecological, social, and economic science in a consistent, balanced manner that considers core wildlife connectivity, lifecycle carbon contributions, community needs, and climate change;
  • It is imperative that regional cumulative effects and cost-benefit analyses be carried out before policy decisions are made; environmental, biological, cultural and social costs and benefits must be included in these analyses and presented in a transparent way for all projects.

Y2Y Social Media Policy
Adopted: September 30, 2017

We appreciate many may have different approaches to and opinions on conservation and we encourage comments, healthy debate and thoughts to be shared on our social media channels. However, please keep in mind we will not tolerate comments that are offensive, rude in tone, or abusive. Messages with racist, hateful, sexist, homophobic, slanderous, insulting, or life-threatening comments, as well as serious or inaccurate accusations, will be removed. We also reserve the right to ban and remove repeat offenders.