Canadian Rocky Mountains
The Canadian Rocky Mountains holds one of two grizzly bear populations within the Yellowstone to Yukon region deemed large enough to sustain itself over evolutionary time (the other is located in the northern portion of the Y2Y region). Here, in the parks complex, existing connections have been maintained between the relatively healthy and protected habitats of Banff, Jasper, Yoho, and Kootenay National Parks.
Banff National Park, in Alberta, is the site of the only long-term study of highway over- and underpasses for wildlife in the world. This information is proving useful in the new field of road ecology and in highway construction and reconstruction plans. Since their construction in the mid 1990s, Banff’s crossing structures have proven to be very effective in providing a safe way for bears, wolves, sheep, elk, deer, and cougars to cross the busy TransCanada Highway. DNA studies are being conducted to measure not just the number of crossings, but to track which individuals are using the crossing structures.
For information on collaborative projects in the Canadian Rocky Mountains Priority Area click here.